A crossroads of peoples and knowledge, Tuscany has been proposing art, genius, science, dialogue and invention to the world for thousands of years. Today, it can boast a prestigious network of universities, schools, academies and research centres which, together with libraries, museums and cultural centres, represent the most important heritage of Tuscan modernity. A system of knowledge with deep roots in the past but projected into the future.

Four universities in Florence, Pisa and Siena; three specialisation and higher education schools such as the Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna and the Scuola Normale Superiore, and the IMT Institute for Advanced Studies in Lucca; National public research bodies such as the National Research Council (CNR), the National Institute of Nuclear Physics (INFN), the National Institute of Astrophysics (INAF), the National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), the Council for research in agriculture and the analysis of the agrarian economy (CREA), the National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development (ENEA), and offices of research institutions such as the Italian Institute of technology (ITT).

The Tuscan system of research and innovation, involving universities, public and private research centres, companies and public institutions, stands out for its clear vision of the future scenario and the objectives identified with a shared path.
The awareness that research has important repercussions, not only on the competitiveness of companies and on the labour market, but also and above all on the environmental and social sustainability of growth, as well as on the wellbeing and quality of life of today’s citizens and tomorrow’s generations, has directed the efforts of institutions and research institutions to share a long-term action program.

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